Kidney and bladder stones are painful for humans. They are equally troublesome to your pets. The minerals in small deposits break off and it causes a lot of pain for your dog, especially while using the bathroom. Fortunately, there are ways to cure the dog’s kidney stones. In severe cases, surgery is a must. If not, smaller stones are harmless and need one to be careful.
What Are Dog Kidney Stones?
Dogs suffer with kidney and bladder stones. Kidney stones are mineral bits forming in the kidney of the dogs. The stones forming due to the dog’s urine or blood imbalance are the metabolic stones. The others forming are due to kidney infection. Chronic infections forms in dogs are the struvite stones. The stones are from calcium oxalate.
Kidney stones are dangerous as they break apart or grow too large. It becomes smaller pieces and gets stuck in the dog’s ureter that is the bladder entrance. It really hurts your dog at that time and may result in death if it not given timely correct treatment.
Difference in Dog Kidney Stones and Bladder Stones
The difference is the location. The kidneys and bladder, both are a part of the urinary system of a dog. It is that the kidney stones form in the kidney and bladder stones form in the bladder. Both types of stones appear in the urine crystals or blood and they come from different places.
The symptoms and signs are:
Difficulty and discomfort in urinating, discolored urine, blood in the urine, pain in the kidney and abdomen area, vomiting, sensitive or bloated stomach, frequent urination in small amounts, changes in energy level, and avoiding exercise.
Treating Dog for Bladder Stones
Bladder stones treatment for dog depends on the stone location and its type. The options include medication, diet change, lithotripsy ( a process breaking the stones apart), and surgery.
With struvite stones, the treatment includes multiple options:
- Surgery: The removal of stones and healing starts immediately. However, the associated risk with the surgery is post-operation pain, infection risk, and anesthesia.
- Dietary dissolution– There is many therapeutic diets to dissolve struvite stones. It carries least risk and is most convenient. However, the possibility is the stones may become smaller, but gets lodged out of the body in the urinary tract. It is life-threatening in males as their urethras are narrow. The diets are high in salt and fat, making it inappropriate for dogs with medical issues.
- Laser Lithotripsy– This procedure is good when stones are smaller. However, specialized equipment and a specialist make the process expensive.
- Urohydropropulsion- It is a liquid solution expelling the stones from the bladder. However, if the stones are small, it expels through the urethra. This is done using general anesthesia. The risk for infection is high as it requires urinalysis catheter temporarily.
For more on kidney stones in dogs Pub Med
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